anon answered on 8 Mar 2021:
Hi Ellie M,
I agree completely with the psychologists above.
But I would like to add that most of these experiments were started with no idea the inhumane and catastrophic effects would be on harm to participants. For example, in Milgram’s’ shock experiment – they predicted only 1% of the population would go as far as the lethal shock – whereas something like 65% did! They didn’t expect this and therefore they couldn’t have foreseen the dire consequences.
And so too goes for Zimbardo’s prison study – he and his colleagues couldn’t have predicted how awful things would get for the ‘prisoners’.
So to answer your question in a roundabout way – yes but… what we set out to be as ethical and non-psychological harming as possible, sometimes we might surprise ourselves with the findings in ways we never expected or could predict.